The Project for the Support for Joint Forest Management in the Kyrgyz Republic



Overview of JFM pilot establish

The project established three JFM pilot sites in fiscal year 2009, three sites in fiscal year 2010, and one site in fiscal year 2011. There are three pilots in the Chui state, and four pilots in the Issyk-Kul state by regional perspective. We hope establishing new pilot in the future.

Jangy-Pakhta pilot JFM (Chui state, 2009)

  • Background and summary of activities

The plains of the north of Bishkek city near the border with Kazakhstan such as wet and salty lands widely distribute unsuitable for cultivation area. The project has established a JFM pilot project on the unutilized land like the unsuitable for agricultural production for the first pilot project. Forest users as local residents have developed tree-planting activities on assigned in each compartment where the local government (village) 40ha of land leases a forest office. The pilot also reclamation forests are managed by secondary school (attend the students age from 7 to 17 years old) of the village, and the nursery is operated by the forest office in addition to tree planting by the forest users. The project, aim to the joint forest management together with the reforestation, the community forest management, and nursery management as a land use model for similar low productivity in the region.

  • Tree planting activities by the forest tenants

The forest tenants have used 36ha of all 40ha pilot sites excluding nursery for the tree planting activities. Kyrgyz law prohibits the "sublease" to a third party therefore the pilot site where was leased from the village to the forest office, the forest tenants have been entered based on land use agreement between the forest office for carried out the tree planting activities. Currently, 18 land use agreements have been signed between the forest office and the local residents. Forest tenants level ground of their compartments, and plant the fruit trees, poplar trees, and willows. Some tenants have grown seedlings for planting on using the nursery of the forest office for planting preparation. Future, revenue from forest products as the result of these forest activities will be divided between the forest tenants and the forest office in accordance of the contract with stipulated about the profit percentage.

  • Establishment school forests ? Attempt of community forest management

The secondary school in Jangy-Pakhta village as the forest tenant has managed poplar forests where established surrounding the pilot site 4km. Future, the school can expect revenue from the forest products sales, and use of timbers and firewood extracted from forest. Income forest products will be divided between the forest offices in accordance of the contract with the stipulated profit percentage. In addition, the school forest is expected not only afforestation management but also may become a pioneer organization of a community forest management which is little-known in Kyrgyz.

Kok-Moinok pilot JFM (Issyk-Kul state, 2009)

  • Background and summary of activities

Balykchy city located on the western edge of the Lake Issyk-Kul is famous on the particularly low rainfall and notoriously windy among the Kyrgyz Republic that the dry land like gravel desert spread on the surrounding area. Karatara national forest under the Balykchy forest office is in such arid land. Forest tenants have made a fruit cultivation on existed elm trees before the former Soviet Union that is collapsed because of deficiencies management. However, only the way of irrigation as pump up from the Chui River takes much cost, and volume of water supply is also unstable. Therefore, a major issue in promoting tree-planting activities is how ensure a stable water supply. The project built the water supply channel to draw unused watercourse from the upstream. Future, forest tenants as the local residents expect to increase its number, and the tenant plants fruit trees to earn money by the utilizing water supply system. In addition, the project also makes a forest tenant organization (established NPO) as supporters of water channel management. The organization of tenants is also aimed at not only effective utilization of water supply, but also promoting efficiency and cooperation of reforestation by each individual tenant.

  • Apricot tree planting by forest tenant

In the Karatara National Forest, individuals or organizations are lending the land from the Balykchy Forest office, have planted apricots in each compartment since 2006. The apricots already grew and lush its foliage and the fruit can be harvested in three to four years after planting plantation. Currently, approximately 200ha of the total 385ha of Karatara National Forest has been leased to 116 forest tenants. The project will develop infrastructure development and organization of the tenant due to more tree-planting activities.

  • Construction water supply channel

Untapped mountain stream flows that the water disappeared the course of the flow to penetrate into the ground in the mountains of northern Karatara National Forests. The project attentions to the small mountain stream for a new water source for the afforestation, and a water intake dam and approximately 6km water supply path were constructed. The precious water from this new water supply facilities have been supplied for tree-planting activities of the tenants.

Kegety pilot JFM (Chui state, 2009)

  • Background and summary of activities

From the Soviet era, a reforestation project with a focus on softwood such as pine and spruce is performed, and exceeds 500ha of plantation area has been established in the Kegety National Forests by the Chui forest office. A population’s mortality of Pinus Sylvestris occurred in this artificial plantation in 2009. For prevention of expanding damage and appropriate dead wood processing became an urgent task. Rich water, Kegety river rapids flowing through the national forests to provide valuable irrigation water to the people, however the water often flooded and erosion in the lower basin such as farmland and residential land which has threatened the residents. In addition, existed a beautiful waterfall in the national forest becomes a scenic spot, and many tourists have visited from Bishkek during the summer. The forest office has been in trouble of the waste processing which tourists bring, and the forest fire prevention. The project set the plantation along the Kegety river and a small village adjacent to the downstream as the target area of JFM pilot. The project has initiated the comprehensive watershed conservation through various activities such as the tree planting by residents, pine disease damage control, simple flood-control construction, and environmental education etc.

Flood control, and tree planting activities by forest tenant For arable lands of the small village adjacent to the downstream, the artificial agriculture plantations had significantly reduced because Kegeti river flooding occurred in recent years and the riverbank was washed away. The project constructed a dike along the Kegeti river and renovated the road in 2010 for protect this village from the threat of flooding. The result of this simple flood-control construction, new plantation land has been secured between the Kegety river and the village. The residents of the settlements become forest tenant, and the tree planting began in this place from 2011. New plantation area by local residents fulfills the function of the basin flood mitigation and residents will expect an income from timber and orchards

  • Support of damage control of pine disease and charcoal activity

The population dead of Scots Pine occurred in the Kegety National Forests in 2009. Initially, the damage was concerned a pine bark beetle (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus) which due to severe damage to pine forest of Japan, and the project investigate the phenomena cooperated with the Japanese Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute. As the result, that fact wasn’t confirmed. However, it is obvious that the long-horned beetle or bark beetle Occurrence the cause of large amounts of population death. Appropriate action of exposed dead wood by pest damage was an urgent issue. Then the project focused on the charcoal making for damaged trees for the way of incineration process. The project was seek to improve the livelihood for incineration of damaged trees and produced by charcoal as unfamiliar technology in Kyrgyzstan.

Ivanovka pilot JFM (Chui state, 2010)

  • Background and summary of activities

Ivanovka village is a typical rural village in Chui plain, located suburbs of the 1 hour by car from Bishkek. Surrounding the land area still left without the use and left behind due to excessive moisture or lack of irrigation facilities. The project cooperate with Ivanovka village and Issyk-Ata forest office for managing the National Forest in this region, and work to the model tree-planting activity involving local residents on intended for such unused land. The model plantation areas have been established one place each in a place owned by Ivanovka village and the National Forest area by the forest office managed. As a case study of the effective use through the afforestation in unused land, an exhibition effect for local residents is expected.

  • Tree-planting activities in the National Forest, managed by the forest office

A model plantations area of the state-owned forest has been established on the banks of the Chui river as the border between Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. 2 tenants and forest office signed a lease agreement of the land, and manage plantation area. Poplar, apple, willow trees have been planted on approximately 4ha of the plantation. Future, forest products revenue as the results of tree-planting activities will be distributed among forest users and the forest office in accordance of the contract with stipulated the profit percentage. Because the land can’t pulling water from the existing water channel, a water mill was constructed and irrigated water from the Chui river to the plantation. The project thinks that the plantation area can also take advantage of the of recreation purpose with the waterwheel as an attraction equipment in the future. In addition its special location that river is border between the two countries, the fixing the border line also significantly realize as a river-wall model plantation.

  • Tree-planting activities in the village owned land

A plantation model of Ivanovka village owned land has been spread on the outskirts of the village as wilderness somewhat of little wetlands. In the spring of 2010, about 400 villagers have participated the tree planting event on approximately 10ha of the land. Between 5 local residents as the forest tenants, the village, and the forest office have been signed on a contract for the management that poplar, willow, and birch have been planted on the model plantation area. Future, the forest products revenue by the results of tree-planting activities will be distributed among the three contracts with the stipulated profit percentage.

Karasaev pilot JFM (Issyk-Kul state, 2010)

  • Background and summary of activities

Natural riparian forests such as willow, berry, and gummy shrubs have spread among Tyup river at the southern end of Lake Issyk-Kul. These riparian forests have been threaded the permanent degradation due to an illegal logging and livestock overgrazing for easy access from the scattered villages. The project began JFM pilot to properly manage for valuable natural forests cooperate with the Tyup forest office. Launched four pilots’ key component would be the new resource reclamation activities of unused land by planting so far. Maintained healthy forest through appropriate protection and use of existing vegetation as well as reforestation for resources reclamation has become an important goal in JFM Karasaev pilot. In addition, it is also different from conventional pilots that the pilot group basis local residents not intended for personal has signed a forest with forest office.

  • Comprehensive management of riparian forest

JFM Karasaev pilot is characteristic of the overall management of riparian forest through establishment of new forest resources and conservation of existing forest resources. For establishment of new resources like the each pilot forest has been leased to tenants in the compartment as none-standing trees area, and apple and apricot as fruit trees and poplar, willow, elm for used as a timber and firewood will be planted. Forest products revenue by the tree-planting activities will be divided between the forest tenants and the forest office in accordance the forest tenant contract with the stipulated profit percentage. Activities of tenant is not only planting in the compartment in assigned as well as obligation is properly imposed to protect Natural forests of lease land, instead of tenant has the right to harvest natural forest products such as berry and gummy. In addition, the forest tenant also developed nursery, and growing seedlings there are expected future tree planting activities in the pilot sites. The project also supports simple basic infrastructure such as constructing bridges and revetment.

  • JFM agreement of group

A forest tenant and forest office or village office individually has made a JFM contract in the conventional JFM pilot. Residents formed a group called “Jaamat” in the JFM Karasaev pilot. And then each group has made the JFM contract and implements forest activities. As the advantage of forest activities with the forest tenant form a group, efficiency of forest activities such as Laborsaving of contract, and collaboration of “Jaamatt” members including distribution of land, so on. Even “Jaamatt” as a unit of work may construct a construction of basic infrastructure for forestry activities thus organization makes it expected easy to create a labor force. On the other hand, how to set the distribution of future profits or responsibilities within the group such issues as can be expected.

Ortu-Oruktu pilot JFM (Issyk-Kul state, 2010)

  • Background and summary of activities

The Oruktu village occupies eastern part of Issyk-Kul forest office and its specific characteristic is low provision of population with arable lands, suitable for crop cultivation. The main occupation of the population is animal husbandry. The bigger part of pastures land accounting for 915 hectares is located in the State Forestry Fund, which leads to necessity of close cooperation between the village and the forest office. In the Ortu-Oruktu gorge is available the considerable stock of wind fallen forest, being affected by external factors the trees are becoming unfit for use by turning into fuel wood from the timber. These trees, despite of the populations need for, are rotting through on site by causing significant harm to the existing ecosystems (insects and forest deceases are increasing). Access of the people to pastures is complicated by lack of road. The constructed road will promote pasture use for cattle grazing. To create conditions for better forest management is necessary to construct the road from Oruktu village to existing stands in the same gorge. The current road, due to some local peculiarities is impassable for vehicles. As a result of road construction, the bigger part of the dead wood will be removed from forest for the needs of local population by solving some issues related to their livelihoods and improving ecological situation in the area. Both the forest office and local residents are interested in the road construction therefore all the stakeholders were involved in project implementation. The Oruktu village relies on the local residents will organize necessary workforce for performing manual works free of charge. The most important of this project is its perspectives. Upon implementation of this project there are potential new projects for cooperation of the forest office and local community related to using forest products, joint tree plantation on the forest lands and village lands.

Ton pilot JFM (Issyk-Kul state, 2011)

  • Background and summary of activities

Ton village is located in the southern Issyk-Kul lake shore where many tourists visit for playing the water in the summer. Lean areas between the national highway No. 363 run parallel to the Issyk-Kul lake and the lake shore is under controlled by the forest office where had been provided to the local residents for fruit garden so far. However, because the water source does not exist near the area, fruit cultivation was extremely weak. For this reason, not only disconnected to improve the lives of local residents, but also forest office had become problems of the land management such as tourists approaching to the derelict land, dumping waste, and parking on-street of the highway. Therefore, JFM activity proposals have been made in order to work actively in the established a well in this area and improved the condition of fruit gardening, and as well as tenant struggle local garbage problem. The project accepted the proposal in December 2011, and Ton pilot was launched. Because tenants are already existed based on land lease contract, project promoted to grouping of tenants, and have concluded required additional agreement between three contracts as the forest office, village, and groups for the implementation of JFM. This variant group basis contract could serve as one new model of JFM.

Introduce the Kyrgyz Republic - Pro-Japanese country of Central Asian

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Mission of Project

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Professional look

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Vestibulum vulputate aliquam risus. Praesent consequat scelerisque velit eu elementum. Praesent posuere tortor sed mi ullamcorper sodales. Cras porta purus in. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Aenean ut justo nec arcu molestie molestie non quis magna. Mauris dictum aliquam nisi, vitae elementum magna rhoncus et.