The Project for the Support for Joint Forest Management in the Kyrgyz Republic



» Basic principles and background of the introduction

Joint Forest Management?JFM?is the new forest management techniques or philosophy introduced by along the socio-economic system changes after the independence of the Kyrgyz Republic. At the former Soviet Union era, the state through each forest office (Lez-hoze) as an organization of the state-owned forest management had centrally managed the forest of the Kyrgyz Republic. However, the state became difficult to perform direct forest management because the budget had been provided during the Soviet era from Moscow is eliminated and also strictly regulate the behavior of residents become impossible after independence Kyrgyz Republic due to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 and downturn in the confusion and subsequent of the political, economic and social. Like this great changes surrounding the forest, Kyrgyz government made the policy with the assistance mainly of the Swiss government, how the government can protect valuable forest resources of this country. And, "Joint Forest Management" as forest management in the region from which build on cooperation with the local residents as one of the concepts of the forest policy was introduced. More specifically, JFM should be one of the three forest policy of the Forest Development Basic Policy (of forest policy planning period 25 years) in enacted in 2004 as "forest – local people – government".

  • Position in Forest Development Policy

"Forest Development Basic Policy" enacted in 2004 in order to determine the direction of forest management of the state is consisted of three policy ? sustainable forest management, ? local people and community participate in forest management, and ? role (review) of the state in the forest sector. As "local people and community participate in forest management" based on the concept of "Joint Forest Management" has been insisted. Also, the development of Joint Forest Management system has been noted one of the goals to be achieved within the period as one of execution in the field in the "National Forest Development Plan of Action" as short-term (five years) plan of forest management has established. However, the actual activities in the field of forest management are not progressing while being as a priority issue on the forest policy. The idea of ??Joint Forest Management did not input to the local official foresters. Also a problem of the term "Joint Forest Management" translation that occurs and confuse when translated to English from Russian. The project is required role of flesh out for Joint Forest Management as a policy principle and the ideal form of Joint Forest Management as concrete means of local forest management in practical experience in the field.

  • History of deployment

KIRFOR (Kyrgyz-Swiss Forestry Support Program) under the support of the Swiss government conducted from 1995 to 2010 have been carried out the Joint Forest Management. Initially KIRFOR began lent walnut forest to local residents, and achieve its conservation management by building on cooperation between the forest office and local self-government in the walnut forest zone in the southern part of Kyrgyzstan. This approach is called the Collaborative Forest Management-"CFM". Local residents borrow the forest; assume the responsibilities of management with the appropriate use and the obligation of service provision for forest management work of forest office in return be given the right to harvest and production of forest products. Starting point of the CFM attempts walnut forest in the southern part, JFM has been advocated as one of the issues to be dealt with in national forest, more broad principles of forest management. This CFM and JFM has been translated frequently been confused in English because they are similar but has a completely different meaning in Russian. KIRFOR, based on the experience of this in the south, began to expand the activities in the Issyk-Kul province established 3 pilots forest offices as our target activity of JFM since 2007. Activities of Issyk-Kul province by KIRFOR did not reach to develop into a concrete forest management activities because effort to mainly build cooperative relationships forest office and local self-government. However, it has provided valuable experience and lessons in order to expand the project activities in the region.

  • Definition of Joint Forest Management and JFM concept

Definition of Joint Forest Management in Forest Development Policy is very comprehensive but not appearance. For this reason, KIRFOR created a draft of "Joint Forest Management Concept" and aimed to consensus of stakeholders but not completed yet. KIRFOR proposed a tri-angular approach as the forest management based on cooperation forest office, local self-government, and local people. It can present regarded as the only the definition. However, the Tri-angular approach is one of method, not defined system as Joint Forest Management therefore failed to gain an understanding of the forest office staffs in the process of making consensus. Finally, KIRFOR stand in a half-finished "Joint Forest Management Concept", and reached the project period. The project thinks that Tri-angular approach is a very effective method in promoting JFM and to continue establishes this technique in the future. It is also important that "Joint Forest Management concept" put together the "Joint Forest Management" as institution to establish. The project has created the concept of JFM based on the experience of the pilot projects.

added: 19.11.2012 07:18
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Introduce the Kyrgyz Republic - Pro-Japanese country of Central Asian

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Mission of Project

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Professional look

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